Turkmenistan Bans Women From Driving
Paragraph 87 of the government report discusses equal opportunities for obtaining scholarships for greater education. However, entrance to universities is predicated not only on passing oral exams, but also on bribes to university officials. Upon completion of secondary schooling, college students are now required to finish a two year practicum earlier than being thought-about for entry to establishments of upper education. In a country beset by high unemployment and other financial issues, it is extremely tough for young individuals to search out jobs or the sensible expertise needed for admission to a college.
The one civil society entity that the government cites as devoted to selling women’s rights in Turkmenistan is the Women’s Union of Turkmenistan. The full name of this group, the Women’s Union of Turkmenistan-Gurbansultan-Eje displays the organization’s inherent bias. This strongly means that the Women’s Union, like many other organizations claimed to be nongovernmental, is tied to the government and is unlikely to supply independent evaluation or advocacy on behalf of girls. Domestic regulation ensures women the right to participate in political life. However, in follow, the best to participate in political life in Turkmenistan and the precise participation of some women in government has a limited impact on choice-making processes as a result of President Niyazov is in effective control of all branches of presidency. The actions of unregistered nongovernmental organizations have been severely curtailed in recent years, leaving few NGOs capable of operate independently of the government. The Union of Women-Gurbansultan-Eje, the one women’s “NGO” highlighted in the government report, has robust ties to the federal government.
Throughout Central Asia, rates of infection of varied types of hepatitis and tuberculosis—including drug-resistant strains—are on the rise. In accordance with the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations and sure bilateral agreements, native authorities should contact the U.S. Civilians could carry hunting shotguns, however they have to apply for a license. The licensing course of includes a psychiatric analysis and a physician’s statement confirming that the applicant isn’t addicted to narcotics. With an accredited application, the proprietor must register the weapon with the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
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One interviewee stated simply that politics “is a circus.” Another mentioned that although women don’t usually take part in politics, some women may be appointed to authorities positions and that when this happens, they can’t refuse. In this example, it is troublesome to evaluate the extent of women’s significant participation in authorities. In follow, the proper to participate in political life in Turkmenistan and the precise participation of some women in government has little impact on decision-making processes. President Niyazov is in effective management of all branches of presidency. In theory, anybody – man or woman – can run for workplace, however candidates are hand selected by the federal government and should be members of Niyazov’s Democratic Party, the one political get together that’s tolerated.
There was no unbiased oversight of media accreditation, no outlined criteria for allocating press playing cards, no assured provision for receiving accreditation when space was out there, and no safety towards the withdrawal of accreditation for political causes. The authorities required all foreign correspondents to apply for accreditation. It granted visas to journalists from exterior the nation solely to cover specific occasions, such as international conferences and summit meetings, where it could monitor their activities. On June 19, Fergana.agency reported that native authorities arrested Ashgabat resident Murad Dushemov for his active participation in on-line opposition platforms. According to the news agency, on June 17, one police consultant and three men in civil uniforms got here to Dushemov’s condo, confiscated his computer, and took Dushemov to the inner affairs division of Kopetdag district of Ashgabat. He was additionally told that if local authorities discovered “proof of an opposition activity” on his pc, he can be sentenced to 15 years of imprisonment. Khydyrov acknowledged that Dushemov was a member of the Telegram chat “activistdvt,” created by the new Democratic Movement of Turkmenistan, and directors of the group banned Dushemov for inappropriate behavior.
Some households are reluctant to educate their daughters beyond secondary college as a result of they fear that an institute or university training will make them undesirable within the marriage market. The authorities report maintains that ladies are treated equally underneath the regulation and have equal access to the judicial system, nevertheless it does not present any detailed info for example these assertions. It doesn’t provide examples of the kinds of cases for which women entry the judicial system, the means by which they access it, or the remedies they get hold of.
For this population, greater training at university establishments is never an choice. They are rejected outright for the national perception that their identification just isn’t true Turkmen. Authorities continued to hold dozens of prisoners in full isolation from family, legal professionals, and the surface world, some for so long as 16 years, and denied their households information about their whereabouts and fate, including whether or not they are lifeless or alive. According to Prove They Are Alive, a world marketing campaign devoted to ending enforced disappearances in Turkmenistan, 121 people remained forcibly disappeared.
Among the Turkmen, a woman’s altering position in society is often marked by her clothing and accessories. For instance, a lady thought-about anchor a bride (i.e., one who is married however has not but given delivery) will wear extraordinary quantities of jewelry, while elderly women will put on little or no.
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In October 2003, a new law “On Public Associations” amended the Turkmen Criminal Code to criminalize all unregistered actions within the country. Those discovered guilty of participating in public activities without prior approval from government authorities might be fined, subjected to “corrective labor,” or imprisoned. It has become a mandatory every day fixture in schooling, the media, and politics, and due to this fact may be viewed as an expression of presidency coverage. In many elementary and secondary schools, professional institutes, and universities, it has replaced textbooks on conventional subjects.
Dozens of prisoners remained victims of enforced disappearance or are held incommunicado, some for nearly 18 years. The Turkmen authorities enforces arbitrary bans on international journey on various teams of people.
One evening, I end up in a energetic restaurant crammed with Turkish expats, who apparently make up a great portion of the labor pressure in Turkmenistan. (The two international locations share comparable languages and cultures, and their governments sporadically push for closer ties.) I’m the one woman in the room, excluding the waitresses, who are all sporting totally transparent shirts. A bookish younger man in glasses at the table subsequent to me strikes up a conversation in English, and I ask him, delicately, concerning the nature of the relationship between the clientele and the women working right here.
Children work informally in markets and bazaars as porters, transporting carts that may weigh as much as 220 kilos. The government frequently compelled college students and public-sector employees to work in unpaid support roles throughout government-sponsored events similar to parades, sporting events, or vacation celebrations. In June, Eurasianet reported that authorities officers had been pressured to use their own cash to buy bicycles to take to mass events similar to World Bicycle Day. The government didn’t respect freedom of association or collective bargaining and didn’t successfully implement the law. Penalties weren’t commensurate with these for different laws involving denials of civil rights, similar to discrimination, as a result of no penalties exist to deter violations.
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A family’s popularity or honour is immediately reliant on the reputation of the daughter or daughter-in-legislation, and the women carry the burden of maintaining and raising the honour of the household. In Turkmenistan, there is a social responsibility placed on the youngest son within the family, to stick with his mother and father and care for them of their old age. If a household solely has one son, it’s his duty to stay with his mother and father. When attending school, Turkmen women abide by the nationwide uniform – a standard Turkmen costume. The fabric, color, length and magnificence of the dress annually is printed and girls should observe this strict gown code. Both students and college usually are not allowed in, or even to appear in the establishment if they don’t seem to be dressed as such.